The Complete Guide to Vietnam

Vietnam at a glance 

Vietnam – a country in the Indochina Peninsula, Southeast Asia, is famous for its beautiful natural scenery, diverse cuisine, and cultural richness. In recent years, Vietnam has become a familiar destination for travelers from all over the world. In 2019, Vietnam was voted by the world-famous travel magazine Conde Nast Traveler as one of the ten most beautiful countries in the world, where you definitely have to visit once in your life.

Vietnam has many landscapes honored by the world. As of 2020, Vietnam has been recognized by UNESCO as eight world heritage sites. In particular, there are two natural heritage sites (Ha Long Bay, Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park); five cultural heritages (Central Sector of the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long – Hanoi, Citadel of the Ho Dynasty, Complex of Hue Monuments, Hoi An Ancient Town, My Son Sanctuary); one mixed heritage (Trang An Landscape Complex) and other intangible cultural heritages.

With 63 provinces and 54 ethnic groups, each province has its own landscape and identity, always giving you a reason to fall in love.

Cut to the chase, let’s watch the video Vietnam from North to South!

Vietnam tourist map

We would like to introduce a great companion for your journey to explore Vietnam: Vietnam Map, which includes all the types of maps you need, such as region, transportation, and city map. We have compressed them to the highest quality, so you can print them on paper and use them on your trips.

Topography and climate of Vietnam

Based on geography and climate, Vietnam is divided into eight regions: Northwest, Northeast, Red River Delta, North Central Coast, South Central Coast, Central Highlands, Southeast, and Mekong River Delta. Each region has relatively different climatic and topographic characteristics.

Map of regions of Vietnam - Vietnamnomad
Map of regions of Vietnam

1. Northwest

Topography of Northwest Vietnam

Northwest Vietnam consists of 6 provinces: Dien Bien, Son La, Hoa Binh, Yen Bai, Lai Chau, Lao Cai. The famous tourist destinations: Sapa (Lao Cai), Mu Cang Chai (Yen Bai), Dien Bien Phu (Dien Bien), Mai Chau (Hoa Binh), Moc Chau (Son La). It is a mountainous area which shares the borderline with China and Laos. This is home of magnificent fold mountains and extremely unmatched landscapes.

The region has two distinct seasons: summer and winter. The summer (April to October) is hot and humid. Winter (November to March) is cold, cloudy that is characterized by drizzle. The average annual temperature is about 25 ºC. In winter, the lowest temperature is in December and January; some places have temperatures below 0 ºC.

2. Northeast

Topography of Northeast Vietnam

Northeast Vietnam consists of 9 provinces: Ha Giang, Bac Giang, Bac Kan, Cao Bang, Lang Son, Phu Tho, Thai Nguyen, Tuyen Quang, Quang Ninh. The famous tourist destinations: Dong Van (Ha Giang), Ban Gioc Waterfall (Cao Bang), Ba Be Lake (Bac Kan), Ha Long Bay (Quang Ninh), Mau Son (Lang Son). The region is geographically distinguished with the Northeast by the Red River. There are middle-high mountain ranges blended with vast plateaus. The complicated system of water bodies carving into the limestone mountains creating deep valleys across the region.

The climate is quite similar to the Northwest, but the region is more affected by the humid monsoon climate than the Northwest. Therefore, the Northeast is directly affected by tropical storms in the summer.

3. Red River Delta

Topography of the Red River Delta

Red River Delta consists of 10 provinces: Bac Ninh, Ha Nam, Ha Noi, Hai Duong, Hai Phong, Hung Yen, Nam Dinh, Ninh Binh, Thai Binh, Vinh Phuc. The famous tourist destinations: Hanoi, Cat Ba (Hai Phong), Do Son (Hai Phong), Trang An (Ninh Binh). The delta is situated in the North of Vietnam, this is one of the most densely-populated regions across the country due to the fertile soil and a large concentration of waterways, which are advantageous for agricultural activities.

Like the Northeast and Northwest, the Red River Delta also has two distinct seasons: the summer is from April – November; the winter is from December – March. However, the weather here is milder than in the other two regions.

4. North Central

Topography of North Central Vietnam

North Central consists of 6 provinces: Ha Tinh, Nghe An, Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Thanh Hoa, Thua Thien Hue. The famous tourist destinations: Thien Cam Beach (Ha Tinh), Cua Lo Beach (Nghe An), Phong Nha – Ke Bang (Quang Binh), Hue (Thua Thien Hue). This region is a long-stretching land and also the most narrow part of the country, which is one of the most important economic regions featuring aquaculture and tourism. The area is home of a great collection of three out of eight UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites in Vietnam.

Due to the monsoon in the northeast, the whole area is affected by cold weather with rain in the winter. This is different from the dry weather in the winter of the North. In the summer, there is the southwest monsoon (also known as Laos wind), so the whole region will have a hot and dry climate. At this time, the daily temperature can reach over 40 ºC; meanwhile, air humidity is very low.

5. South Central Coast

Topography of South Central Coast

South Central Coast consists of 8 provinces: Da Nang, Quang Nam, Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh, Phu Yen, Khanh Hoa, Ninh Thuan, Binh Thuan. The famous tourist destinations: Da Nang, Hoi An (Quang Nam), Quy Nhon (Binh Dinh), Nha Trang (Khanh Hoa), Mui Ne (Binh Thuan). South Central Coast has a strategic position in terms of economic and transport values. The landscapes are dominated by the fertile whale-shaped hills, which is beneficial for herding activities. Bordering a large sea area, the economy strongly relies on marine resources. Here is also a potential travel hub thanks to its well-developed transport system.

The weather here is different from the North Central Coast due to the northeast monsoon blocked by the Bach Ma mountain range. The remarkable feature of the Central climate is that there is a rainy season and the dry season does not occur at the same time in a year in the two climatic regions of the North and the South.

6. Central Highlands

Topography of Central Highlands Vietnam

Central Highlands consists of 5 provinces: Dak Lak, Dak Nong, Gia Lai, Kom Tum, Lam Dong. The famous tourist destinations: Dalat (Lam Dong), Mang Den (Kom Tum), Buon Me Thuot (Dak Lak). The region consists of many plateaus, which are surrounded by mountain ranges. Central Highlands is known as the coffee capital of Vietnam as the fertile basalt facilitates the growth of this industrial crop. Some distant and remote mountainous parts of the area are also home to various minority ethnic groups.

Located in the tropical savanna region, the climate in the Central Highlands is divided into two seasons: the rainy season from May to the end of October and the dry season from November to April, in which March and April are the hottest. Particularly, the lands are over 1.000 m high, the climate is cool all year round.

7. Southeast

Topography of Southeast

Southeast Vietnam consists of 6 provinces: Ba Ria Vung Tau, Binh Duong, Binh Phuoc, Dong Nai, Tay Ninh, Ho Chi Minh City. The famous tourist destinations: Ho Chi Minh City, Vung Tau Beach (Ba Ria Vung Tau), Con Dao Island (Ba Ria Vung Tau), Black Virgin Mountain (Tay Ninh). Southeast is the highly industrialized zone. A massive landmass is used for industrial trees and factories. The landscape highlights the midlands and low mountain ranges. This is where the major river systems meet and concentrate on the most vital ports as well as tourism.

The South is located in a region characterized by the equatorial tropical climate, abundant sunshine, and high humidity. The annual average humidity is about 80 – 82%. The climate has two distinct seasons: dry and rainy. The rainy season is from May to November and the dry season is from December to April.

8. Mekong River Delta

Topography of the Mekong Delta

Mekong River Delta consists of 13 provinces: Long An, Tien Giang, Ben Tre, Vinh Long, Tra Vinh, Hau Giang, Soc Trang, Can Tho, Dong Thap, An Giang, Kien Giang, Bac Lieu, Ca Mau. The famous tourist destinations: Can Tho, My Tho (Tien Giang), Tram Chim (Dong Thap), Chau Doc (An Giang), Phu Quoc (Kien Giang). It is the southernmost part of the country and dominated by flat floodplains. The low basin of the Mekong Delta is rich in sediment from its mother source and greatly contributes to the agricultural practice of its people for centuries. The region is covered by very little forestry, mainly mangrove forests and swamps to prevent waves and preserve land.

The climate of the Mekong Delta is similar to the Southeast: the tropical monsoon climate, there are two distinct seasons: the rainy season (May to November) and dry season (December – April).

Best time to visit Vietnam

The ideal time to visit Vietnam is during the dry season. In which the period from December to March is the best time to visit Vietnam. You can rely on the detailed map below to choose the appropriate time to visit each place in the country.

Best time to visit Vietnam
Map of best time to visit places Vietnam

Vietnam Visa

It’s easy to come to Vietnam! Vietnam offers visa exemptions to tourists from 24 countries and e-Visas to travellers from 80 countries.

Vietnam visa exemption

Citizens of 24 countries are exempted from visa when entering Vietnam:

List of countries with Vietnam visa exemptions
List of countries with Vietnam visa exemption
Vietnam visa application

Now you can easily apply for Vietnam Visa with an electronic Visa, E-Visa is available to nationals of 80 countries. What you need to do is visit the official website of the Immigration Department (click here) and follow the instructions.

The e-Visa costs 25 USD, takes three working days to process, and is a single-entry visa, valid for 30 days.

Learn more about Vietnam Visa >

Money and Exchange

Vietnamese currency is known as “Dong” or “VND” as currency code. There are no longer coins but only paper and polymerized money, so it is quite easy to carry around. Vietnamese banknotes, however, have many zeros: the smallest bills commonly in circulation are 500 VND, 1.000 VND, 2.000VND, and 5.000VND; and the highest one is 500.000VND.

Cards are widely accepted in restaurants, hotels, and other public amenities (but not at street-food stalls), and ATMs are placed densely. The most popular exchange rate when travelling in Vietnam is from USD to VND. It is known among travellers that the best exchange rate is given at jewelry shops; however, it is now considered illegal to exchange currency at those shops. So, the best way is to change money at the airport, local banks, or ATMs.

Learn more about the Vietnamese currency >

Transportation in Vietnam

Vietnam’s transportation network is quite complete with international and domestic airport systems in many provinces, the “famous” North-South railway system, and the extensive road system with the backbone of National Highway 1A. Below is a transportation map in Vietnam with train stations and airports.

Learn more about transportation in Vietnam >


Vietnam Transportation Map official by vietnamnomad
Vietnam Transportation Map

Cost of living in Vietnam

It is totally possible to live on a budget in Vietnam as the cost of living is claimed to be inexpensive. Most of the items cost less than half of what you would pay in the West or even relatively cheaper in comparison with some tourist hubs in Asia.

Although in big cities such as Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi Capital, things could be a bit pricey, there are still lots of opportunities to lead a comfortable lifestyle with an income of under 700 USD (of course, if you are willing to eat local food and enjoy a Vietnamese standard lifestyle). If you live outside of these two major cities, living expenses could be much less. Your lifestyle will determine your cost of living, but generally, Vietnam has a competitive yet fertile job market for both locals and expats and an average rate of living expenses. As long as one has a job and not too bad at money management, they can assure an enjoyable life and travel if they wish.

Cost of living in Vietnam
There are still lots of opportunities to lead a comfortable lifestyle with an income of under $700 even in Saigon or Hanoi

Internet and Telecommunication

Vietnam offers a very accessible Internet connection that covers most parts of the country. Wi-fi is available in every corner: at restaurants, coffee shops, convenience stores, or even at small food vendors sometimes. So there would be very little chance that you lose touch with the world while travelling here.

There are also many SIM card providers that offer 4G data service along. So if you are mostly on the road or wish to keep in touch with people, here is an option. Some of the most reliable telecommunication companies known are Viettel, Mobifone, and Vinaphone. SIM card’s price normally starts from 50.000 – 100.000 (2 – 4,5 USD), and you can add money to buy data packages that are totally affordable, ranging from just 30.000 VND for unlimited access.

Accommodation in Vietnam

Accommodation in Vietnam varies from around under 10 USD to as much as you could imagine, catering to different budgets and preferences. There are many types of accommodation that you can choose from, from hostels and guesthouses to homestays and luxurious resorts which keep popping up throughout the country. Although hospitality is a huge industry in Vietnam, it is obviously popular among the locals as the young Vietnamese tend to travel more and more these days. So, it is ideal to book your accommodation in advance to make sure of a preferable stay. Booking could be made easily through online booking websites or, particularly for homestays, through direct messages on their Facebook pages.

The vast majority of accommodations are considered very stylish and full of character, of which homestay is one form of accommodation you have to get yourself into. They are not only a place to crash after a long day exploring, but are experience itself. Most places have English-speaking staff, and they accept both cards and cash.

Best places to stay in Vietnam >

Vietnam accommodation
It’s easy to find a place to stay in Vietnam

Shopping in Vietnam

It is no exaggeration that Vietnam is one of those shopping paradises. There is a whole range of shopping activities that you could take part in, which serve your craving for shopping and offer insight into the country’s culture. You could wander around the local open-markets to embrace the vibrance and dynamic energy of the street business culture of the Vietnamese, or opt for a less hustle and bustle shopping vibe in the shopping malls. A new breeze of shopping experience that is enjoyed by the millennials is the flea-markets, which are often held on weekends gathering the participation of local clothing and handicraft brands. Each market in Vietnam brings the characteristics and colors of the local community here. Going to the market is not only for shopping, but it is also a journey to discover the local culture.

For great trips, convenience stores are a good choice for you. There are many convenience stores in Vietnam, especially in big cities as Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi, and Da Nang, which have almost everything you need. There are many well-known brands such as 7-Eleven, Vinmart, FamilyMart, and Cycle K. Therefore, if you need food or necessities, convenience stores are a quick choice.

Supermarkets or shopping malls are also an option, but most of them only appear in big cities with brands such as Vinmart, Co.op Mart, Vincom, and Lotte Mart.

Vietnam is also known as the manufacturing location for many big fashion names such as Nike and Adidas, so you are likely to get a very competitive price for those.

Due to the variety of items, affordable prices, and a wide range of shopping experiences, shopping would be a great part of your traveling in Vietnam.

15 best places to visit in Vietnam

Coming to the S-shaped country, you can admire the poetic and charming scenery wherever you go. The natural beauty, unique culture have made Vietnam become a tourist destination worldwide. At each place, we have designed an “all-in-one” travel guide page; click on the photo of the destination and explore it your way.

1. Ha Long Bay

Ha Long Bay is a famous tourist destination of Vietnam, located in the western part of the Gulf of Tonkin in the northeastern region of Vietnam. With thousands of magnificent islands, Ha Long Bay has been recognized by UNESCO as a natural heritage of the world since 2003.

Ha Long City is a coastal region with two distinct seasons: winter (November to April) and summer (May to October). Affected by the climate of Northeast Vietnam, there are two distinct types of monsoons: the Northeast wind in the winter that brings coldness and drizzle; and the Southwest wind in the summer that brings warmth and rain. The best time to visit Halong Bay is in the spring and autumn (from April to October) because of the chilly weather.

Looking down from above, Ha Long Bay like a picture with thousands of unique rocky islands such as Dau Nguoi, Rong, La Vong, Trong Mai, and Canh Buom. Hidden inside the rocky islands are beautiful caves such as Thien Cung, Dau Go, Sung Sot, Trinh Nu, and Tam Cung.

2. Ninh Binh

About 100 km away from Hanoi, Ninh Binh is a gem of Northern Vietnam. It is located in the southernmost region of the Red River Delta, which is the intersection of two large rivers: the Red River and the Ma River. This is known as the ancient capital of Vietnam, with many historical relics remaining.

You can travel to Ninh Binh at any time of the year. However, the ideal time for tourists to visit this land is in early spring, between the second and third month of the lunar calendar. At this time, the weather is mild, suitable for those who want to admire the spring beauty, and join the temple ceremony at the beginning of the year. If you come to Ninh Binh in late May and early June, you will admire the breathtaking scenery by the bright yellow rice fields along the banks of the Ngo Dong River. The golden color of rice interspersed with the green of the mountains creates a beautifully natural picture. In fall, you will be surprised by the peaceful beauty of the sky clouds combined with the blue Sao Khe River blooming full of lotus flowers and water lilies. The faint pink of the lotus flower combined with the pure white of water lilies creates a beautiful picture like in a fairyland.

3. Hoi An

Hoi An is located downstream of the Thu Bon River, Quang Nam Province, Vietnam. It is a famous tourist city, only about 30km from Da Nang to the South. The Ancient Town of Hoi An carries the diversity of settings and the history of hundreds of years of cultural interference between the three countries of China, Japan, and Vietnam. You will be fall in love with the mix of vibrant lifestyle and ancient architecture of this little town.

As the most beautiful city in Vietnam, Hoi An is crowded year-round; the tourist season starts from November to the end of February. If you want to enjoy a “real” Hoi An, April to June is the right time for you, when there are the least tourists.

Hoi An is famous for traditional architecture’s beauty, the harmony of houses, walls, and roads. Along with many ups and downs of history, Hoi An ancient town retains the ancient beauty in every corner.

4. Da Nang

Da Nang is located in Central Vietnam, with an almost equally divided distance between Hanoi Capital and Ho Chi Minh City. Possessing one of the most beautiful beaches on the planet – My Khe and many incredible natural landscapes, Da Nang City is one of the most attractive tourist destinations of the Central region.

Da Nang’s climate is divided into two distinct seasons: the dry season (from December to August) and the rainy season (from September to November). The best time to travel to Da Nang is from January to July; at this time, the weather is not too hot; the temperature is about 25 – 32 °C, suitable for outdoor activities.

Da Nang is a “Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon” city in Vietnam, where there are mountains, forests, beaches, and delicacies. The famous tourist attractions in Da Nang include Ba Na Hills, My Khe Beach, Marble Mountains, and Asia’s largest Fantasy Park indoor amusement park. Da Nang also has many fascinating landscapes such as Hai Van Pass, and the primeval forest in Son Tra Peninsula.

5. Hue

Once was the capital of the Nguyen Dynasty, Hue is considered a royal land with many palaces and tombs of the Kings. If you want to learn about the glorious Vietnam history, you cannot miss this land. Hue also attracts visitors by the poetic and beautiful natural landscapes and friendly people.

The weather in Hue is generally quite harsh, with high temperatures in the dry season (35 – 40 °C), but the dry season is also a good time to visit this city because the weather is less rain, suitable for visiting the palaces and tombs.

In addition to the Hue Imperial Citadel and mausoleums, you should also visit places such as Lang Co Bay, Hon Chen Palace, Thien Mu Pagoda, and Thuan An Beach.

Hue dishes are extremely delicious and cheap. The delicacies can be mentioned such as mussel rice, Hue beef noodle soup, and Hue sweet soup.

6. Sapa

Sapa is a scenic spot located in the Northwest of Lao Cai province in Vietnam. It is one of the most famous tourist destinations in Vietnam. Situated at an average altitude of 1.500 – 1.800 m above the sea, Sapa is always in the thick fog, creating a fanciful scene.

Sapa is a mountainous region with a cool climate all year round. The weather in Sapa has four seasons; the average temperature of Sapa is 15 °C. Summer in Sapa is not too hot; winter is often cloudy and cold, sometimes it snows.

Tourists come to Sapa to enjoy the fresh air and admire the wild beauty of the Northwestern mountains. Terraced fields, waterfalls, and majestic mountains create an impressive beauty for Sapa. Besides, visitors also can explore the customs and cultural beauty of ethnic minorities such as Black H’Mong, Red Dao, Tay, and Giay.

Referring to Sapa, it is impossible not to mention famous tourist destinations such as Fansipan Peak, Ham Rong Mountain, Stone Church, Muong Hoa Valley, and some villages such as Cat Cat, Ta Phin, Ta Van. Come to this foggy land, don’t forget to enjoy a salmon hot pot, drink a cup of Tao Meo wine.

7. Nha Trang

As a coastal city in Khanh Hoa Province, Nha Trang is the top destination of Vietnam. Nha Trang is surrounded by beautiful beaches, majestic mountains, and pristine islands, an ideal place for your vacation. Besides the beautiful beaches, the islands as Hon Tre, Hon Chong, and Hon Mun are always attractions to visit this coastal city.

The most significant advantage of this city is the long sunny season during the first eight months, the temperature difference is not considerable. The rainy season of Nha Trang lasts from September to December and reaches its peak in October and November.

From fine dining restaurants facing the sea to favorite pubs, all are located along the beach in front of Nha Trang city. Coming here, you definitely have to try the famous specialties such as Banh Can, Banh Canh Cha Ca, and Nem Nuong.

8. Ho Chi Minh City

Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) is the biggest city in Vietnam, which has long been known as the Pearl of the Far East, a lavish metropolis.

Ho Chi Minh City left a deep impression for the first time with anyone who has ever been to. The bright light of night streets, the colorful signs, the fresh beer pubs, the playgrounds that last all night; all turned Ho Chi Minh City into a paradise of shopping and food in Vietnam. People here are famous for being enthusiastic and generous. For strangers, they are willing to guide every intersection and street corner.

Ho Chi Minh City weather does not have four seasons like Hanoi but only two: rainy and dry. The rainy season is from May to November. In general, you can visit Ho Chi Minh City at any time of the year; the rainy season is also the most beautiful season of this city.

Ho Chi Minh City is subdivided into 22 district-level subdivisions. Urban areas include districts 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, Phu Nhuan, Binh Thanh, Go Vap, Tan Binh. The suburbs include Hoc Mon, Cu Chi, Binh Chanh, Nha Be, Can Gio and Thu Duc City (sub-city).

District 1 is the administrative, economic, and transactional center of Ho Chi Minh City. Therefore, if you are a first-timer, you should visit the famous spots such as Ben Thanh Market, Nguyen Hue walking street, Notre Dame Cathedral, Independence Palace, and Bui Vien Street. District 1 is also the place where the majority of tourists choose to stay while in this city.

District 2 and District 3 are the ideal residence with spacious street, elegant and quiet villas.

District 4 is the place where people mainly live by working in warehouses and docks. So coming here, you will discover the daily life of ordinary workers in the city.

District 5 is where more than half a million Chinese people have been living there for a long time. It is also an attractive tourist destination with the name “China town“.

In the suburbs, a destination not to be missed when coming to Vietnam is Cu Chi Tunnels, a massive underground tunnel system; it is heroic evidence of the history of the “Vietnam war“.

Coming to Ho Chi Minh City to sip a bottle of Saigon beer on Bui Vien Street, sometimes that’s enough.

9. Hanoi

Hanoi – the capital, is Vietnam’s important cultural, political, commercial, and tourist center. Over a thousand years of history, Hanoi has become a famous tourist destination in the world.

Hanoi attracts tourists by its ancient beauty, historical colors, and hospitality from local people. The best time to visit Hanoi is in the fall, from mid-August to the end of October. At this time, the weather in Hanoi is cool, and the scenery is extremely romantic.

Hanoi has more than 4.000 monuments and beautiful landscapes. In particular, there are more than 9.000 relics in the ranking of national monuments, with hundreds of temples, structures, and famous attractions. Some prominent relics of Hanoi are the Temple of Literature, One Pillar Pagoda, Ngoc Son Temple, Ba Dinh Square, Hanoi Cathedral, and Opera House.

Also, the unique culture of the Hanoi people fascinates many tourists around the world. Hanoi is famous for its fine handicraft products in craft villages such as Bat Trang ceramics, Ngu Xa bronze casting, and Yen Thai village. Besides, Hanoi also owns unique cuisine and many different cultural festivals throughout the year.

Hanoi is also remembered as the city with the best street food in the world. Come to Hanoi, do not forget to enjoy specialties such as Pho, Bun Cha, Cha Ca La Vong, and Bun Thang.

10. Mui Ne

Located 22 km northeast of Phan Thiet City center, Mui Ne is one of the most beautiful and famous destinations in Binh Thuan Province. In 2014, Mui Ne ranked 2nd on the top of the most beautiful beaches in Southeast Asia by Canadian traveler site voted. According to Skyscanner, this place has been listed on the list of 10 impressive beaches of Asia Pacific.

The period from April to August is considered to be the best time to travel to Mui Ne. From September onwards, Mui Ne often rains, so it is inconvenient for outdoor activities.

Besides the poetic and idyllic scenery, Mui Ne attracts visitors by the desirable and affluent culinary features. Coming here, you definitely have to enjoy the delicately processed seafood dishes such as Dong, fish salad, Banh Can, and Banh Xeo.

11. Ha Giang

Famous for the majestic scenery, the endless terraced fields, the long buckwheat flower fields, and the cultural identity of upland ethnic people, Ha Giang is one of the destinations that attract many tourists in Vietnam recently. Located in the mountainous north of Vietnam, Ha Giang is a majestic mountain complex, with an average height of 800 m to 1.200 m above sea level.

The northern highland is Dong Van Plateau, including Quan Ba, Yen Minh, Dong Van, and Meo Vac districts, with 90% of the area is limestone mountains, typical for karst terrain. There are sharp rocky mountains, deep and narrow ravines, and cliffs. On October 3, 2010, Dong Van Rock Plateau joined the Global Geopark Network. The western include Hoang Su Phi and Xin Man districts, which are part of Bac Ha Plateau, commonly known as Chay River lift arch, with elevations from 1.000m to over 2.000m. The terrain here is usually domed or semi-arched, interspersed with steep, sometimes sharp, or jagged terrain. The low mountainous region covers the remaining districts and towns, stretching from Bac Me, Ha Giang town, through Vi Xuyen to Bac Quang. This area has strips of old forest interspersed with relatively flat valleys located along rivers and streams.

The best time to visit Ha Giang is from October to December in the buckwheat flower season. Another great time to visit this land is from September to October, which is the rice season.

Coming to Ha Giang, visitors also have access to mountainous residents’ culture through highland markets; one of them is Khau Vai Love Market, a dating place for couples. At this fair, people also sell various handmade products such as embroidered towels, cloth bags, dresses with bright and delicate patterns. Another thing that attracts visitors to come to Ha Giang is the specialties such as dried buffalo meat, Thang Co, Buckwheat flower pancake, and Chao Au Tau.

Moreover, Ha Giang has a rich and diverse cultural treasure, with more than 20 ethnic groups living here. Each ethnic group has its own unique cultural identity, expressed through customs, festivals, and religions.

12. Dalat

Dalat is a city in Lam Dong Province, located on Lam Vien Plateau, at an altitude of 1.500 m above sea level, which has many beautiful landscapes. Dalat is one of the most famous tourist cities in Vietnam, a little Paris of Vietnam.

Dalat has an ancient, romantic beauty with many architectural works and old villas from the French colonial period. Dalat has a typical climate of the Central Highlands region with two distinct seasons: rainy season and dry season. The rainy season lasts from May to October, and the dry season lasts from November to April next year. The ideal time to visit Dalat is from October to December, when the flowers bloom throughout the mountains.

Dalat attracts tourists by famous attractions such as Tuyen Lam Lake, Xuan Huong Lake, Bao Dai Palace, Linh Son Pagoda, Truc Lam Zen Monastery, and many beautiful coffee shops. Come to Dalat, don’t forget to enjoy the delicious food such as Lau Ga La E, Banh Mi Xiu Mai, and Banh Can. At night, in the chilly air, visitors can stroll around the night market and Xuan Huong Lake edge to enjoy a cup of hot soy milk, or a Dalat baked rice paper.

13. Phu Quoc

Phu Quoc is also known as a gem island, the largest island in Vietnam, located in the Gulf of Thailand. Phu Quoc Island, together with other islands, form the Phu Quoc Island District of Kien Giang Province. In 2006, Kien Giang coastal and island biosphere reserve, including Phu Quoc, was recognized by UNESCO as a world biosphere reserve.

As a tropical monsoon island equatorial, the Phu Quoc climate is divided into two distinct seasons, which are the rainy season and the dry season. Because it is the gateway to receive the west-southwest monsoon, the humidity in the rainy season is very high, from 85 to 90%. In the dry season, the island is affected by the northeast monsoon, so that the temperature will increase in April and May. The best time to visit Phu Quoc Island is the dry season, from the end of October to March next year. At this time, the weather in Phu Quoc is less rain, which is convenient for travel and relaxation.

Phu Quoc has many beautiful beaches stretching from the north to the south and 99 hills covered by vast primeval forests. In the north of the island, there are Rach Vem, Bai Thom, and Hon Mot fishing villages – with outstanding wild beauty. In the South Island, there are 12 large and small islands such as Hon Thom, Hon Mong Tay, Hon Gam Ghi, Hon May Rut – the ideal places for nature exploration activities such as night squid fishing, diving to see corals, and discovering pristine forest.

Phu Quoc not only attracts tourists with beautiful views but also the delicious dishes made from a rich source of seafood. Some dishes that you cannot miss when visiting Phu Quoc are Herring Salad, Grilled Squid, Quay Noodle, and Sim wine.


14. Quy Nhon

If talking about a hidden pearl of Vietnam, Quy Nhon is a leading candidate. Located in Binh Dinh Province, Quy Nhon is known as one of the most beautiful coastal cities in the South Central Coast with many ideal beaches such as Eo Gio, Ky Co, Cat Tien, Nhon Hoi, and Hai Giang, where visitors can immerse themselves in the majestic natural scenery.

Binh Dinh climate is characterized by humid tropical and monsoon with 2 distinct seasons in a year. The dry season lasts from January to August and the rainy season lasts from September to December. The ideal time to visit Quy Nhon is from January to September when the weather is sunny and less rain.

Coming to Quy Nhon, not only immersed in the clean beaches but also infatuated in the food here. Great dishes in Quy Nhon can be mentioned as Banh Xeo, Bun Ca, Banh It La Gai, and Bao Da wine.

15. Quang Binh

Quang Binh is known as the “cave kingdom” with more than 300 different large and small caves, including Son Doong Cave, En Cave, Thien Duong Cave, Phong Nha Cave, Tien Son Cave, Chay River – Dark Cave, System of Stunted Caves in Le Thuy. Not only that, but Quang Binh also has unbelievably pristine beaches such as Nhat Le Beach, Rock Jump Beach, Vung Chua, and Yen Island. And most importantly, Quang Binh also has attractive spiritual attractions such as the Tomb of General Vo Nguyen Giap, relics of Hang Tam Co, General Memorial Hall, and Hoang Phuc – a pagoda is over 700 years old.

The ideal time to visit this land is from March to September when the weather is pleasant and less rain. From September to March, there are usually heavy rains.

The two famous of these destinations are Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park and Son Doong Cave. Recognized as a UNESCO world heritage site in 2003, the Phong Nha – Ke Bang Complex is a destination not to be missed when traveling to Quang Binh. Son Doong Cave, located in the core area of ​​Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park, is a new cave discovered by the Royal Cave Research Association of England, which was announced as the largest cave in the world in 2010; it was put into operation in the form of adventure travel in 2013. Tourism activities of Son Doong Cave are limited to the number of participants, so the number of people who have conquered Son Doong cave is even less than the number of people who have ever stood on Mount Everest.

In addition to owning a beautiful landscape, Quang Binh also attracts tourists with rich and featured cuisine. With only 100.000 VND, you can enjoy many delicious dishes, including Banh Bot Loc, Banh Canh Ca Loc, and Banh Khoai.

10 must-try foods in Vietnam

Vietnam has been long known as a culinary paradise; for thousands of years of civilization, Vietnamese people have created countless beautiful, harmonious, and delicious dishes. To explore Vietnam is to dive into its diverse cuisine as not only does it always burst with flavors but also is an incarnation of a prosperous breadth of history.


1. Pho

Top Vietnamese food - Pho

Pho is considered the national dish of Vietnam, a must-try food when coming to this S-shaped country. It has been voted by CNN, BBC, and Business Insider as the best dishes in Asia. In 2016, Pho was voted as one of the top 3 most delicious Vietnamese dishes in the world.

The main ingredients of Pho include noodles, broth, thinly sliced ​​beef, and herbs. A qualified broth has to fulfill three strict criteria: firstly, the broth has to be clear to guarantee visual attractiveness; secondly, it has to come with the subtle sweetness extracted from the pork bones slowly cooked for hours; and thirdly, it has to bring up the herby aroma of cinnamon, anise, ginger. When eating Pho, we usually eat with hot sprinkles and spices such as chili sauce and sauté.

2. Banh Mi

Top Vietnamese food - Banh Mi

Culinary experts and international media recognized Banh Mi as the must-try dish when coming to Vietnam. The Guardian of England ranked Banh Mi in second place in the top 10 most delicious and attractive street food in the world. This newspaper once wrote: “There is a little known secret that the best sandwich in the world is not in Rome (Italy), Copenhagen (Denmark) or New York City (USA), but on Vietnamese streets.” David Farley, a BBC travel and food writer, praised Banh Mi as “the best sandwich in the world.”

Banh Mi makes of flour, like the Baguette but smaller, with fillings inside. Typically, the fillings have grilled pork, Vietnamese sausage, pate, egg, herbs, and cucumbers.

Banh Mi is sold in almost every street in Vietnam. Thanks to its simplicity and convenience, Banh Mi has become a familiar breakfast for Vietnamese people.

3. Goi Cuon

Top Vietnamese food - Goi Cuon

Goi Cuon is one of two Vietnamese dishes featured in CNN’s list of the world’s 50 best dishes in 2011. It is a favorite dish in Southern Vietnam.

Goi Cuon is usually made from boiled pork, boiled shrimp, fresh vermicelli, thinly sliced ​​cucumber, long-stemmed chives, split onions, pickled carrots, or chopped green mango, herbs, and lettuce. All the ingredients are then rolled with rice paper. Saigon people like to eat Goi Cuon with black sauce. The habit of using black sauce is the culinary touch between Vietnamese and Chinese.

4. Bun Bo Hue

Top Vietnamese food - Bun Bo Hue

In an episode of “Anthony Bourdain: Parts Unknown” on CNN, the famous American chef said: “Hue beef noodle is the best soup in the world.” The Asian Record Organization had also put Hue beef noodles into the top 100 delicious Asian dishes in 2016. This is a popular dish of Hue. Hue beef noodle ingredients include pork leg meat, a piece of boiled pork blood, beef ball, and lemongrass.

To have a good bowl of Hue beef noodles, choosing the ingredients is very important: Beef should be bright red, smooth, and yellow fat. The broth is stewed with beef bones for a naturally sweet taste.

Nowadays, you can enjoy a bowl of Bun Bo Hue anywhere, but a proper bowl must be enjoyed at a roadside restaurant near Trang Tien Bridge, Hue.

5. Mi Quang

Top Vietnamese food - Mi Quang

Mi Quang is a typical dish of Quang Nam, a province known for many famous tourist destinations such as Hoi An Ancient Town and My Son Sanctuary.

Mi Quang is a Vietnamese soup, which has all kinds of proteins that you could think of. For a “special” bowl of Mi Quang, there are noodles, sliced pork, shrimps, and quail eggs. Mi Quang is not complete without a handful of green herbs, crispy “Banh Da” – a type of rice paper that is thick, cracky, and added sesames.

6. Banh Xeo

Top Vietnamese food - Banh Xeo

Banh Xeo (Vietnamese crepe) was one of the Vietnamese dishes participating in the 2016 Street Food Congress (WSFC), which was held in Manila, Philippines. According to CNN, this was one of the most popular street food in the world in 2016. There are two types of Banh Xeo, Banh Xeo of the Mekong Delta people (usually bigger and softer) and Banh Xeo of the Central Vietnam people (smaller and more brittle).

Due to the popularity it has gained among the foodies from all over the world, the fillings have been added to maximize the dining experience. Authentically, however, Banh Xeo is stuffed with pork belly, shrimp, bean sprouts, and mung beans. The “right” Banh Xeo batter is mixed with coconut milk, added garlic chives, and has to be fried in pork fat. Banh Xeo is no good as take-away food as what makes it really stand out is the dining vibes: the constant sizzling noise on the background, the scent of coconut milk, and turmeric powder as well as the vibrant talking of the eaters who gather to share not only food but stories.

7. Bun Cha

Top Vietnamese food - Bun Cha

Bun Cha has been voted CNN’s top 10 delicious summer food, National Geographic’s top 10 best street food in the world, which was more famous after president Obama enjoyed this dish in Hanoi in 2016.

Bun Cha consists of three main parts: dipping sauce, grilled pork, and rice noodle. The success of Bun Cha is determined by the dipping sauce. Sauce to eat Bun Cha is a combination of fish sauce, vinegar, sugar, garlic, chili, green papaya, and carrots.

Bun Cha is a perfect combination of five flavors: bitter (from herbs and pickled papaya), spicy (from chili), sour (from lemon and vinegar), salty (from grilled pork), and sweet (from meatballs).

8. Hu Tieu

Top Vietnamese food - Hu Tieu

For thousands of years of wet rice cultivation, Vietnamese have processed rice into many different dishes, typically noodles, Pho, vermicelli, and Hu Tieu. Hu Tieu is a delicacy born from the essence of rice in one of the largest rice-growing regions in the world: the Mekong Delta.

When being ordered, the cook blanches noodles in a separate pot of boiling water before presenting them in the bowl with blanched bean sprouts, chopped scallions, sliced pork, shrimp, and quail eggs. It is often served with green vegetables and basil.

9. Cao Lau

Top Vietnamese food - Cao Lau

Cao Lau was voted the best street food in Asia by Australia Traveler News. This dish has been mentioned many times by CNN as one of the best dishes in Vietnam. Cao Lau is a specialty of Hoi An ancient town.

A special feature of Cao Lau is the yellow noodles, which make from rice soaked with ash – from trees in Cham Island, Hoi An. It does not need much broth, but instead, Cao Lau must have minced meat, soy sauce, and roasted pork skin.

Cao Lau is often sold in restaurants with two floors, which are hanging red and blue lanterns. Tourists have enjoyed the delicious taste of Cao Lau and the ancient tourist atmosphere of street corners.

10. Vietnamese Coffee

Top Vietnamese food - Vietnamese Coffee

You may not know it, but Vietnam is the second biggest exporter of coffee in the world. And the coffee here is unlike any you’ve ever seen, Vietnamese often drink coffee with condensed milk, coconut, and sometimes with … eggs. Vietnamese coffee is usually Robusta, stronger than any other type of coffee; a cup can make you awake all day.

Vietnamese drink coffee anywhere and anytime, coffee is so popular that you can find coffee shops anywhere for about 15.000 VND (less than 1 dollar).

Tips and notes

1. Watch carefully when crossing the road: As you know, traffic in Vietnam is quite messy, especially in big cities, so always follow closely and obey traffic signals when crossing the road to ensure your safety. Don’t be afraid as it would be a highlighted experience of your travel. You can always follow a local nearby to cross, we are sure they will happy to help.

2. Keep your phone and wallet carefully when visiting crowded attractions: Anyplace in the world has good and bad people, so remember to keep your personal belongings carefully, especially valuable items. If you visit crowded places, it is a good idea to wear your package on your front.

3. Motorbike Safety: If you are planning to rent a motorbike in Vietnam, you must have an international driving license and always wear a helmet when driving. Make sure to test the bike carefully to see if it fully functions before going on a long trip.

4. Step Out of Your Comfort Zone: Vietnam is a land with many interesting, strange and unexpected things, especially in cuisine, the street food looks gruesome such as “flipped duck eggs” (aka baluts) or “Bun Dau Mam Tom”, but believe us, they are delicious! Even if it is not tasty for you, it is still a unique experience, isn’t it?

5. Tip or not tip? In Vietnam, there is almost no “tip culture”, in most cases, you don’t need to tip; but at the following services, tips are often accepted: Spa, massage, nails, foot-massage, tour guide: 3 – 5 USD.

6. Saving the phone number of the embassy (or consulate) of your country in Vietnam. An additional copy of passport, travel insurance, and air tickets to provide in case of loss.

Vietnam itineraries

Here are some suggested Vietnam itineraries you can refer to. The itineraries include detailed information on maps, routes, and costs. Click on the images to learn more!

Vietnam itinerary for 10 days
Vietnam itinerary for 10 days
Vietnam itinerary for 2 weeks
Vietnam itinerary for 2 weeks
Vietnam itinerary for 3 weeks
Vietnam itinerary for 3 weeks
Vietnam itinerary for 1 month
Vietnam itinerary for 1 month

Vietnam travel guide book

We would like to recommend a great companion: the Vietnam Travel Guide. The book contains travel information from overview to detail, consists of 6 chapters, 135 pages, which is designed in the form of graphics and visual images.


Vietnam travel FAQs

What zone is Vietnam in?

Vietnam is GMT/UTC + 7h during Standard Time (GMT +7).

Is Vietnam worth a visit?

As a country that owns beautiful beaches, magnificent natural caves, delicious street food, fascinating history, and unique culture, Vietnam must be on the list of destinations to visit at least once in your lifetime.

What is the main language spoken in Vietnam?

Vietnamese’s native language is known as Vietnamese or the Kinh dialect, which is widely spoken by the majority of the Vietnamese. The language is written in the form of Latin alphabets with the addition of five tones. It may be tricky to learn, however, considered as tourist-friendly compared to other character languages in the area.

Do people in Vietnam speak English?

English is the common language in Vietnam. Vietnam ranks 31st among 72 countries in the world and seventh among 19 Asian countries in English proficiency, according to the latest annual English Proficiency Index released by the Swiss Education First (EF).

Is Vietnam safe for tourists?

Do you know? Vietnam is one of the safest countries in the world. A country without war, without ethnic conflict, without guns, without violence, and without terror. According to a recent survey, 78% of Vietnamese people feel that their life is happy or very happy.

What can you buy in Vietnam for 1$?

1 USD is equivalent to about 23.300 VND, a nutritious breakfast such as Pho or Hu Tieu, 2 cups of coffee, 2 loaves of bread, 4 bus tickets in Ho Chi Minh City, 4 500ml bottles of mineral water,… even a dinner!

How many days do you need in Vietnam?

Two weeks is sufficient time to explore Vietnam’s famous localities, but if you want to enjoy more fully, then four weeks would be ideal; 30 days is also the maximum stay for Vietnam E-Visa.

Is street food safe in Vietnam?

Street food is a Vietnamese specialty, mostly safe, but sometimes you can have a little stomach ache with strange foods. But it’s okay, you are traveling, right?

Should you tip at a restaurant in Vietnam?

To be honest, in Vietnam, we don’t have (or very little) “tip culture”. So if you eat in small or medium eateries, you don’t need to worry about it, just pay the right amount on the menu. Of course, you can tip a small amount if you wish to (we’re sure the server would be happy too) but note that it is not necessary.

Thank you for reading the Vietnam travel guide!


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